Literature Recommendations


EFSUMB guidelines:

ECCO-ESGAR guidelines:

Experts Consensus:

  • The knowledge and skills needed to perform intestinal ultrasound for inflammatory bowel diseases-an international Delphi consensus survey. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2022. Link:


  • Defining Transabdominal Intestinal Ultrasound Treatment Response and Remission in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Systematic Review and Expert Consensus Statement .J Crohns Colitis 2022. Link:

Review articles:




  • Intestinal Ultrasound for Differentiating Fibrotic or Inflammatory Stenosis in Crohn’s Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. J Crohns Colitis 2022. Link:








Original articles:



  • Point-of-care Intestinal Ultrasound in IBD Patients: Disease Management and Diagnostic Yield in a Real-world Cohort and Proposal of a Point-of-care Algorithm. J Crohns Colitis. 2022. Link:


  • Early Ultrasound Response and Progressive Transmural Remission After Treatment With Ustekinumab in Crohn's Disease. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2022. Link:





  • Ultrasonography Tight Control and Monitoring in Crohn's Disease During Different Biological Therapies: A Multicenter Study. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2022. Link:


  • Intestinal Ultrasound Is Accurate to Determine Endoscopic Response and Remission in Patients With Moderate to Severe Ulcerative Colitis: A Longitudinal Prospective Cohort Study. Gastroenterology 2022. Link:





IUS activity scores:




  • Expert consensus on optimal acquisition and development of the International Bowel Ultrasound Segmental Activity Score (IBUS-SAS): a reliability and inter-rater variability study on intestinal ultrasonography in Crohn's Disease. J Crohns Colitis 2020. Link:


  • Standardisation of intestinal ultrasound scoring in clinical trials for luminal Crohn’s disease. Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics 2021.Link:






  • Bowel ultrasound measurements in healthy children - systematic review and meta-analysis. Pediatr Radiol. 2020. Link:




  • Intestinal Ultrasound for the Pediatric Gastroenterologist: A Guide for Inflammatory Bowel Disease Monitoring in Children. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2022. Link:


  • A Healthcare Physician Can Be Trained to Perform Intestinal Ultrasound in Children With Inflammatory Bowel Disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2022. Link:


  • Intestinal Ultrasound to Assess Ulcerative Colitis Disease Activity in Children: External Validation and Comparison of 2 Intestinal Ultrasound Activity Indices. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2022. Link:




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